Types, Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment of Diabetes- Can Diabetes be cured?

Diabetes is a condition in which people do not create enough insulin to respond adequately to their physical requirements and cells. Insulin is crucial because it transfers glucose from the blood to the body’s cells, a simple sugar. It also has several other metabolic impacts like fixing metabolism. Let’s find out “Can Diabetes be Cured?”

Food delivers glucose to the body, which is used as a source of energy by the cells. However, glucose will linger in the blood if insulin isn’t present or isn’t working correctly to transport glucose from the blood into cells. High blood glucose levels are hazardous because glucose-free cells lack the energy to function correctly.

Types Of Diabetes

Diabetes has reached alarming proportions over the world, with India emerging as the world’s diabetes capital. Diabetes is majorly divided into three types.

1. Type 1 Diabetes-This is also known as juvenile-onset diabetes and is a hereditary disorder. A shortage of insulin in the body causes it.

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2. Type 2 Diabetes– Adult-onset diabetes is the most frequent type of diabetes. It is primarily induced by factors related to one’s life like poor eating habits, sedentary lifestyles, stress, etc.

3. Gestational Diabetes: This is something that happens throughout pregnancy. When a woman is pregnant, her blood sugar levels may rise for a short period. However, it can lead to type 2 diabetes if left unchecked.

Risk Factors Of Diabetes

Over the last few decades, diabetes has emerged as a significant issue that is currently increasing rapidly over the globe. The high prevalence of this condition can be affected by a variety of factors. The top four risk factors for this disorder are as follows:

1. Age- A person’s ability to use insulin properly is one of the physiological capabilities that deteriorate as they become older.

2.Genes– Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by defective genes. Having a specific set of genes can either increase or lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. You should be extremely cautious about your living habits if your parents had diabetes.

3. Obesity– Obesity is the primary cause of insulin resistance, with overweight or obese over 90% of patients with type 2 diabetes.

Can Diabetes be Cured

4. Smoking- While our eating habits have a significant impact on the development of diabetes, other lifestyle variables, most notably smoking, also have a role. Cigarettes include nicotine, which constricts and hardens blood vessels, raising your risk of heart disease. As a result, stopping smoking is essential for everyone, especially for diabetics’ patients.

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Causes Of Diabetes– Can Diabetes be Cured?

Our digestive system converts the food into glucose. This glucose is taken into our bloodstream by beta cells in the pancreas, which generate the hormone insulin. When the body’s ability to generate or utilise this hormone is impaired, diabetes develops. Here are a few of the causes for this.

1. Auto-Immune Destruction of Beta Cells

Sometimes, our immune system can recognise the insulin-producing beta cells as antigens and antibodies to eliminate them. After most cells are dead, diabetes is often diagnosed. In this scenario, a daily dose of insulin is needed to survive.

2. Lack of Physical Activity

A lack of exercise can cause type 2 diabetes. Some studies suggest that only 30 minutes of physical activity cut your risk of having diabetes by 30 per cent. Also, ensure that your daily schedule includes activities such as walking and cycling.


3. Certain Drugs– Can Diabetes be Cured?

Some medicines such as nicotinic acid, psychiatric meds, antibiotics, and others may either damage or alter insulin-producing beta cells.

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4. Pancreatic Disease or Injury

Beta cells are found in the pancreas; any injury or disease, such as cancer, pancreatitis, or other autoimmune disorders, can cause beta cells to stop working, resulting in diabetes.

Symptoms of Diabetes

  • Excessive Hunger
  • Frequent Urination
  • Dehydration
  • Slow healing of injuries
  • Yeast Infection
  • Unexplained Weight loss
  • Mood Swings

Diabetes causes the body to be unable to absorb glucose, resulting in numerous complications. So, let’s dive deep to understand more.

1. Excessive Hunger

Diabetes makes it difficult for glucose from the bloodstream to enter your cells, leaving you hungry and exhausted. This occurs as a result of inadequate insulin synthesis or poor insulin usage.

2. Frequent Urination

Your body produces more pee as blood sugar levels rise. You will pee more frequently as a result of this. 

3. Dehydration

Surplus urine depletes your body’s moisture. This is why you’re feeling dehydrated.

4. Slow healing of injuries

Nerve injury can be induced by poor blood circulation caused by high sugar levels. It will make it difficult for your body to repair any harm.

5. Yeast Infection

Glucose aids yeast growth. As a result, those with long-term diabetes are more susceptible to contract the fungus.

6. Unexplained Weight loss

This is one of the most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes. Due to a lack of insulin, food can’t be broken into glucose. As a result, your body can no longer rely on food for energy. Instead, it draws power from your fat and muscles. That is how you lose weight without even attempting to do so.

7. Mood Swings

This occurs as a result of insufficient glucose and nourishment to the brain. You may become annoyed for no apparent reason. Another sign of diabetes is depression.

Treatment of Diabetes– Can Diabetes Be Cured?

Constant home monitoring, oral medications, insulin shots/pumps, a well-planned diet, and exercise are the four pillars of diabetes control.

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1. Monitoring– Can Diabetes be Cured ?

It’s critical to check your blood sugar levels at home to determine how much insulin or medicine you’ll need. At home, you’ll have to check it numerous times every day. A gadget known as a glucometer is used for the purpose.

More advanced technologies such as Continuing Glucose Monitoring Systems (GCMS) are available for tracking blood sugar levels. This apparatus can attach to your body every few minutes to take blood sugar levels.

2. Insulin Shots or Pumps

People should take insulin shots with type 1 diabetes. In some situations, persons with type 2 diabetes may also need it. Your doctor decides the dose based on your condition.


Five kinds of insulin injections are available.

  • Rapid-acting (it begins to function in a few and lasts for 2-4 hours.)
  • Regular or short-acting (It begins working in 30 minutes and lasts for 3 to 6 hours.)
  • Intermediate-acting (It takes 1-2 hours to start working and can last up to 18 hours.)
  • Long-acting (It takes 1-2 hours to start working and lasts for more than 24 hours.)
  • Ultra-long-acting (It begins to act in 1-2 hours and lasts for 42 hours.)

3. Oral Drugs

Oral medications is required for those with type 2 diabetes. These drugs work in several ways to lower blood sugar levels. While some reduce sugar absorption by the intestine; others stimulate insulin synthesis by the pancreas. In addition, some medications boost the efficiency of your body’s insulin, inhibit sugar generation by the liver, and so on. 

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4. Healthy Eating

The cornerstone of diabetes management is adhering to a well-balanced diet. Plan a healthy meal with the help of your doctor and nutritionists. For example, a low-carb, low-fat, and low-calorie meal may be recommended if you are overweight.

Other dietary guidelines include a high intake of fruits and vegetables, moderate alcohol consumption, and so on. People with diabetes must also adhere to strict meals schedules.

5. Exercising– Can Diabetes be Cured?

Regular exercise improves your body’s insulin sensitivity. Regular workouts are even more vital for obese people. They increase blood circulation. Besides, it lowers the chance of heart disease, nerve damage, and other health issues.

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